Urology is the surgical specialty which essentially focuses on the disorders or diseases associated with the urinary tracts of males and females, and the male reproductive system. Medical professionals who specialize in this field are called urologists and are trained to effectively diagnose, treat, and manage patients suffering from urological disorders. The various organs covered by urology include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs namely; the, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.
Urology involves the management of non-surgical medical problems such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as complicated surgical problems such as the surgical management of different types of cancers and correction of congenital defects. Moreover, it is closely related to the other medical fields including Oncology, Nephrology, Gynecology, Gastroenterology, and Endocrinology. Urology is a discipline that combines the study of different organs and physiological systems and has different sub-fields.
When to see an urologist?
You may consult an urologist if you have problems such as:
- Urinary tract infection, kidney stones and bladder infections
- Painful urination
- Male infertility problems, such as low sperm count and sperm abnormalities.
- Erectile dysfunction or ejaculatory problems
- Blood in the urine or Hematuria which could be an early sign of a bladder or kidney cancer.
- An increase in PSA levels or a change in PSA, the most sensitive indicator of prostate cancer.
- Any abnormality such as small nodules or irregularities in the prostrate
- Any defect or abnormality of the kidney revealed by your X-ray
- A testicular mass or continuous pain