As the name indicates, single port surgery is performed through a single entry point. They are minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. The incision will be made on the belly button (navel) of the patient. The surgery requires an incision of 20 mm. It is more beneficial when compared to traditional laparoscopic method. It gives less pain during the post operative pain, less blood loss and faster recovery. Traditional laparoscopic method requires more than five incisions to insert the instruments needed for the surgery. Whereas, in single port surgery, four instruments can be used at the same time.
In certain cases, candidates for laparoscopic surgery also may be a the candidate for single port surgery. Patients who require multiple abdominal surgeries will not be eligible for the single port surgery.
During the procedure, the doctor will give anesthesia to the patient. An incision will be made after that. Single port surgery is done by using specialized instruments. The surgeon will use up to three laparoscopic devices through the small incision using the flexible port. This activity requires training and high skill. One of the advantages of this surgery is that, it leaves little or no scarring. It does not have much complications and risks of the traditional surgeries.
Even though the surgery is beneficial, it has many complications too. One of the main thing is that, it is much challenging. The freedom to use multiple instruments is restricted because, there is only entry point for all those instruments. Only specialized instruments can overcome that issue.
Single port approach can be used in various procedures such as:
- Living kidney donation
- Removal of a kidney
- Freezing of cancerous tissue
- Removal of prostate
- Bladder removal
- Pelvic organ prolapse treatment for women
- Reconstruction of the urinary tract and
- Enlargement of the veins within the scrotum etc.
Single port surgery may also have the common complications of other surgeries such as injuries to organs, bleeding, infection, intestinal adhesion, incisional hernia and scarring.