A renal transplant or kidney transplant is surgery performed to put a healthy donor kidney into the patient’s body. The patient needs to undergo tests to see how well the donor kidney matches the patient’s tissue type and blood type. Kidney transplant surgery is mainly done so that a healthy kidney can do what the diseased kidney can no longer do. Kidney transplant is done when there is severe renal failure which cannot be reversed by another treatment method
What happens during the surgery?
Renal transplant surgery takes a minimum of 3 hours. During the surgery, the donor kidney will be placed in the lower abdomen and then blood vessels from the donor kidney will be connected to arteries and veins in the patient’s body and the ureter from the donor kidney will be connected to the bladder. Blood will now be able to flow through the new kidney and the kidney will begin to filter and remove wastes and to produce urine normally. The new kidney will begin to function right away.
What to expect of the surgery ?
The patient will have to stay in the hospital for several days after the surgery. After the surgery the patient will have to take medicines to suppress the immune system. During the first weeks to months after the surgery, the body may try to reject the new kidney. This is called acute rejection and occurs in 20 out of 100 people after transplant
How well it works ?
If the patient has severe chronic kidney disease and choose to have a kidney transplant, the patient may live longer than if they choose to treat their kidney diseases with dialysis alone.