Urinary Stone Diseases

All About Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses that are made of minute crystals. It usually originate in the kidneys, but can develop anywhere along the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical conditions. The causes of kidney stones vary depending on the type of stone. The different types of kidney stones include Calcium, Uric Acid, Struvite and Sistine.

Risk factors of kidney stones

The greatest risk factor of having kidney stones is making less than one litre of urine per day. Kidney stones are most likely to occur between the ages of 20 and 40. Some of the risk factors include dehydration, obesity, hyperthyroid conditions, gastric and inflammatory bowel diseases.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Kidney stones cause severe pain. Symptoms of kidney stones may not occur until the stone begins to move down the ureters. Other symptoms of kidney stones can include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea
  • Discoloured and foul-smelling urine
  • Fever
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Passing small amounts of urine

Diagnosis of kidney stones

Diagnosis of kidney stones requires a complete health history assessment and physical examination

  • Blood tests for checking the presence of calcium, phosphorus, uric acid and electrolytes
  • Complete urine analysis to check for crystals, bacteria, blood and white cells
  • Examination of passed stones to determine its type
  • Abdominal X-rays
  • Ultrasound of the kidney
  • MRI of the abdomen and kidneys
  • Abdominal CT scan

How are kidney stones treated?

Treatment is decided according to the type of stone. Some of the treatment options are:

The best treatment for the different types of kidney stones is offered by Dr. Pradeep P. Rao in Global Hospital, Mumbai.

Visit us: www.urologistmumbai.com Mail us: mumbaiurologist@gmail.com